The Role of ICS-Containing Rescue Therapy Versus SABA Alone in Asthma Management Today

James G. Krings, Richard Beasley

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) recommends that short-acting β2-agonist (SABA) monotherapy should no longer be prescribed, and that as-needed combination inhaled corticosteroids (ICS)–formoterol is the preferred reliever therapy in adults and adolescents with mild asthma. These recommendations are based on the risks of SABA monotherapy, the evidence that ICS-formoterol reliever therapy markedly decreases the occurrence of severe asthma exacerbations compared with SABA reliever therapy alone, and because ICS-formoterol reliever therapy has a favorable risk/benefit profile compared with maintenance ICS plus SABA reliever therapy. Data supporting the use of combination ICS-albuterol reliever therapy in mild asthma are more limited, but there are studies that inform its use in this population. In this review, we compare, using a pros and cons format, the (1) long-term safety and efficacy of ICS-formoterol reliever therapy versus SABA reliever therapy alone, (2) long-term safety and efficacy of ICS-albuterol reliever therapy versus SABA reliever therapy alone, (3) immediate bronchodilator effects of ICS-formoterol versus SABA alone, and (4) clinical and regulatory factors that may inform reliever therapy prescription decisions. By presenting the evidence of these reliever inhaler options, we hope to inform the reader while also calling for necessary future effectiveness and implementation research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)870-879
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2024

Keywords

  • Albuterol
  • Asthma
  • ICS-albuterol
  • ICS-formoterol
  • Mild asthma

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