The relationship of soluble fibrin and cross-linked fibrin degradation products to the clinical course of myocardial infarction

L. Veronica Lee, Gregory A. Ewald, Clark R. McKenzie, Paul R. Eisenberg

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Abstract

Recently, increases in the plasma concentration of soluble fibrin (SF) have been suggested to be sensitive and specific for myocardial infarction (MI). However, the relationship between elevations in the SF concentration and the onset of symptoms and clinical course of MI is unknown. In addition, there are no data regarding the relationship between SF concentrations and concentrations of other markers of procoagulant (fibrinopeptide A [FPA]) and fibrinolytic (cross-linked fibrin degradation products [XL-FDPs]) activity in patients with MI. In this study, concentrations of SF were measured with a novel antigen-based assay for 93 MI patients and 29 control subjects, and the relationship between SF concentrations and those of XL-FDPs and FPA was determined. Increases in SF, FPA, and XL-FDP concentrations were documented in 55.9%, 45.2%, and 73.9%, respectively, of patients with MI, but there was no relationship between the concentrations of these markers. Increases in the concentration of SF or XL-FDPs did not show a relationship to increases in the concentration of FPA. Concentrations of XL-FDPs but not of SF were elevated to a greater extent in patients with MI complications (defined as death, ventricular arrhythmia, severe congestive heart failure, or mural thrombus). Increases in SF and XL-FDPs were not sensitive enough for the diagnosis of MI, but increased concentrations of XL-FDPs appear to predict those patients who are at higher risk for MI-related complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)628-633
Number of pages6
JournalArteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • cross-linked fibrin degradation products
  • fibrinopeptide A
  • myocardial infarction
  • soluble fibrin

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