Neurons containing GABA-immunoreactivity in LGN of the macaque monkey were analyzed quantitatively in semithin (1 μm) sections. The percentage of GABA(+) cells per unit area of the sections was 26% in the magnocellular layers and 19% in the parvocellular layers. However, the percentage of GABA(+) cells in a unit volume of LGN, calculated by a stereological method that takes into account the observed difference in size of labeled and unlabeled somata, was 35% in the magnocellular layers and 25% in the parvocellular layers. GABA(+) somata in the magnocellular layers were significantly larger than those in the parvocellular layers. The possible role of GABAergic cells in inhibitory mechanisms of receptive fields of parvo- and magnocellular neurons are discussed in the light of current knowledge of the physiology and neural circuits of macaque LGN.
- Dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus