The prone position results in smaller ventilation defects during bronchoconstriction in asthma

R. Scott Harris, Tilo Winkler, Guido Musch, Marcos F.Vidal Melo, Tobias Schroeder, Nora Tgavalekos, José G. Venegas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of body posture on regional ventilation during bronchoconstriction is unknown. In five subjects with asthma, we measured spirometry, low-frequency (0.15-Hz) lung elastance, and resistance and regional ventilation by intravenous 13NN-saline positron emission tomography before and after nebulized methacholine. The subjects were imaged prone on 1 day and supine on another, but on both days the methacholine was delivered while prone. From the residual 13NN after washout, ventilation defective areas were defined, and their location, volume, ventilation, and fractional gas content relative to the rest of the lung were calculated. Independent of posture, all subjects developed ventilation defective areas. Although ventilation within these areas was similarly reduced in both postures, their volume was smaller in prone than supine (25 vs. 41%, P < 0.05). The geometric center of the ventilation defective areas was gravitationally dependent relative to that of the lung in both postures. Mean lung fractional gas content was greater in the prone position before methacholine and did not increase as much as in the supine position after methacholine. In the prone position at baseline, areas that became ventilation defects had lower gas content than the rest of the lung. In both positions at baseline, there was a gradient of gas content in the vertical direction. In asthma, the size and location of ventilation defects is affected by body position and likely affected by small differences in lung expansion during bronchoconstriction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)266-274
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume107
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Emission-computed tomography
  • Nitrogen isotopes
  • Pulmonary gas exchange
  • Ventilation-perfusion ratio

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