The Prognostic Value of Signet-Ring Cell Histology in Resected Gastric Adenocarcinoma

Lauren M. Postlewait, Malcolm H. Squires, David A. Kooby, George A. Poultsides, Sharon M. Weber, Mark Bloomston, Ryan C. Fields, Timothy M. Pawlik, Konstantinos I. Votanopoulos, Carl R. Schmidt, Aslam Ejaz, Alexandra W. Acher, David J. Worhunsky, Neil Saunders, Douglas Swords, Linda X. Jin, Clifford S. Cho, Emily R. Winslow, Kenneth Cardona, Charles A. StaleyShishir K. Maithel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Background: Conflicting data exist on the prognostic implication of signet-ring cell (SRC) histology in gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC). Methods: All patients who underwent curative-intent resection of GAC from the seven institutions of the U.S. Gastric Cancer Collaborative between 2000 and 2012 were included. Primary end points were recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). Stage-specific analyses were performed. Results: A total of 768 patients met the inclusion criteria. SRC was present in 40.6 % of patients and was associated with female sex (52.9 vs. 38.6 %; p < 0.001), younger age (61 vs. 67 years; p < 0.001), poor differentiation (94.8 vs. 50.3 %; p < 0.001), perineural invasion (PNI) (41.4 vs. 23 %; p < 0.001), microscopically positive resection margins (R1, 24.7 vs. 8.6 %; p < 0.001), distal location (82.2 vs. 70.1 %; p < 0.001), receipt of adjuvant therapy (63 vs. 51.2 %; p = 0.002), and more advanced stage (stage 3: 55.2 vs. 36.5 %; p < 0.001). SRC was associated with earlier recurrence (56.7 months vs. median not reached; p = 0.009) and decreased OS (33.7 vs. 46.6 months; p = 0.011). When accounting for other adverse pathologic features, PNI (hazard ratio [HR] 1.57; p = 0.016) and higher stage (HR 2.64; p < 0.001) were associated with decreased RFS, but SRC was not. Although PNI (HR 1.52; p = 0.007), higher stage (HR 2.11; p < 0.001), greater size (HR 1.05; p = 0.016), and adjuvant therapy (HR 0.50; p < 0.001) were associated with OS, SRC was not. Similarly, when accounting for adverse pathologic factors on multivariate analysis, stage-specific analyses showed no association between SRC and RFS or OS. Conclusions: SRC histology is associated with adverse pathologic features including poor differentiation, higher stage, and microscopically positive resection margins but is not independently associated with reduced RFS or OS. Identification of signet-ring histology during preoperative evaluation should not, in isolation, dictate treatment strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)832-839
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015


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