Purpose: This study investigates the anatomic relationship between the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) and the sagittal suture in infants with uncorrected unicoronal synostosis. The morphology of the SSS is also evaluated postoperatively to assess whether normalization of intracranial structures occurs following reconstruction.
Methods: The study sample consisted of 20 computed tomography scans (10 preoperative, 6 postoperative, and 4 unaffected controls) obtained between 2001 and 2013. The SSS and the sagittal suture were outlined using Analyze imaging software. These data were used to measure the maximum lateral discrepancy between the SSS and the sagittal suture preoperatively and to assess for postoperative changes in the morphology of the SSS.
Results: In children with uncorrected unicoronal synostosis, the SSS deviates to the side of the patent coronal suture posteriorly and tends to follow the path of the sagittal and metopic sutures. The lateral discrepancy between the SSS and the sagittal suture ranged from 5.0 to 11.8 mm, with a 99.9 % upper prediction bound of 14.4 mm. Postoperatively, the curvature of the SSS was statistically decreased following surgical intervention, though it remained significantly greater than in unaffected controls.
Conclusions: The SSS follows a predictable course relative to surface landmarks in children with unicoronal synostosis. When creating burr holes for craniotomies, the SSS can be avoided in 99.9 % of cases by remaining at least 14.4 mm from the lateral edge of the sagittal suture. Postoperative changes in the path of the SSS provide indirect evidence for normalization of regional brain morphology following fronto-orbital advancement.
- Fronto-orbital advancement
- Superior sagittal sinus
- Unicoronal synostosis