The Oxford Classification of IgA Nephropathy: A Retrospective Analysis

Timothy Yau, Stephen M. Korbet, Melvin M. Schwartz, David J. Cimbaluk

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Background/Aims: The Oxford classification of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) assesses the presence of mesangial hypercellularity ≥50% (M1 vs. 0), endocapillary proliferation (E1 vs. 0), segmental glomerulosclerosis (S1 vs. 0), tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis >25 or 50% (T1 or 2 vs. 0), and has been reported as having prognostic value. We studied the clinical significance of the classification in our adult patients with IgAN. Methods: Retrospective study of 54 patients with biopsy-proven IgAN seen from 1983 to 2009. The correlation between the Oxford classification and baseline renal function was assessed. The primary endpoint was a 50% reduction in eGFR or end-stage renal disease. Predictors for progression to the endpoint were determined by multivariate analyses. Results: Patients were 41 ± 15 years of age with a serum creatinine of 1.5 ± 0.8 mg/dl, eGFR of 61 ± 24 ml/min/1.73 m 2, and proteinuria of 2.0 ± 1.6 g/day. Oxford classifications were as follows: M1 = 72%, E1 = 20%, S1 = 81%, and T1 = 13%/T2 = 22%. During the follow-up of 5.8 ± 4.8 years, 19% of patients reached the primary endpoint. While the Oxford classification was associated with progressive renal disease, only the T score (T0, T1, T2) was predictive of outcome with 6, 29, and 50% of patients (p = 0.002) reaching the primary endpoint. The 10-year renal survival for T0, T1, and T2 was 100, 50, and 17%, respectively (p < 0.001). By multivariate analysis, the hazard ratio for reaching the primary endpoint was 32 for patients with T ≥1 versus T0 (p = 0.01). Conclusions: In our experience, the Oxford classification predicts progressive renal disease, but the degree of tubulointerstitial fibrosis was the only feature independently predictive of outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-444
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Nephrology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2011


  • End-stage renal disease
  • IgA nephropathy
  • Interstitial fibrosis
  • Proteinuria


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