Pancreatic triglyceride lipase (PTL) and the homologous pancreatic lipase related protein 2 (PLRP2) provide a unique opportunity to understand the molecular mechanism of lipolysis. They differ in substrate specificity, sensitivity to bile salts, and colipase dependence despite their close amino acid and tertiary structure identity. One important structure, present in both lipases, is the lid which occupies different positions in the inactive and active forms of PTL. We investigated the role of the lid in lipase function by site-specific mutagenesis. By exchanging the lids between PTL and PLRP2, we created two chimeric lipases. Additionally, we made multiple substitution mutations in the PTL lid. PLRP2 with the PTL lid had kinetic properties similar to PLRP2. PTL with the PLRP2 lid was greatly impaired and had no activity at micellar bile salt concentrations even in the presence of colipase. Both chimeras showed interfacial activation suggesting that the closed lid position was maintained. A series of substitution mutations were made in positions Arg257 and Asp258. These mutations demonstrated the importance of these two residues to maintaining the normal activity, triglyceride acyl chain specificity, and colipase interaction of PTL. The preserved interfacial activation in the chimeras, the similar crystal structure of the two lids in the closed position, and the importance of Arg257 and Asp258 in mediating the open conformation of the lid argue that the position of the open lid influences the differences in activity against triglycerides, in sensitivity to bile salts, and in colipase dependence between PTL and PLRP2.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of lipid research|
|State||Published - Jan 2000|
- Bile salts
- Pancreatic lipase-related protein
- Site-directed mutagenesis