The Ontario HIV seroprevalance study of childbearing women: Results from the first year of testing

R. A. Coates, J. W. Frank, R. Arshinoff, C. Major, E. Wallace, M. E. Millson, B. McLaughlin, H. Demshar, R. Khazen, J. Garbutt, M. Powell, K. Givan, M. O'Shaughnessy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Ontario HIV Seroprevalence Study of Childbearing Women is an unlinked anonymous seroprevalence study designed according to the well-established ethical and legal guidelines for such studies. Commencing in November, 1989, randomly selected neonatal heelprick specimens were tested for the presence of HIV antibodies after all identifying information had been permanently and irrevocably unlinked from the specimens. During the first year of the study 94,119 (approximately 60% of all submitted specimens) were tested. Twenty-six specimens which were repeatedly reactive by EIA were confirmed as positive for an overall crude seroprevalence rate of 2.8 per 10,000 women having live births (95% CI: 1.8-4.1). Twenty-five of the 26 confirmed seropositive results came from babies borm in hospitals in the Metropolitan Toronto, Ottawa-Carlton, or Hamilton-Peel-Halton regions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalClinical and Investigative Medicine
Volume15
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HIV
  • anonymous unlinked survey
  • seroprevalence
  • women

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    Coates, R. A., Frank, J. W., Arshinoff, R., Major, C., Wallace, E., Millson, M. E., McLaughlin, B., Demshar, H., Khazen, R., Garbutt, J., Powell, M., Givan, K., & O'Shaughnessy, M. (1992). The Ontario HIV seroprevalance study of childbearing women: Results from the first year of testing. Clinical and Investigative Medicine, 15(1), 1-7.