Both cDNA and genomic clones encoding human apolipoprotein (apo-) A-IV have been isolated and characterized. Southern blot analyses of apo-A-IV gene-containing cosmids revealed that the apo-A-IV gene is linked to the apo-A-I and apo-C-III genes within a 20-kilobase span of chromosome 11 DNA. The apo-A-IV gene is located about 14 kilobases downstream from the apo-A-I gene in the same orientation, with the apo-C-III gene located between them in the opposite orientation. The nucleotide sequence of the corresponding human apo-A-IV mRNA was determined, and the derived amino acid sequence showed that mature plasma apo-A-IV contained 376 residues. Throughout most of its length, human apo-A-IV was found to contain multiple tandem 22-residue repeated segments having amphipathic, α-helical potential. Amino acid substitutions within these homologous segments were generally conservative in nature. A comparison of the sequences of human and rat apo-A-IV revealed a 79% identity of amino acid positions in the amino-terminal 60 residues and a 58% identity in the remainder of the sequences, with the human protein containing 5 extra residues near the carboxyl terminus. An examination of the distribution of apo-A-IV mRNA in different tissues of the rat, marmoset, and man showed that apo-A-IV mRNA was abundant in both the liver and small intestine of the rat, but abundant in only the small intestine of the marmoset and man. It was expressed in only trace amounts in all other tissues that were examined. These findings on the structure and expression of apo-A-IV and the close linkage of its gene to those of apo-A-I and apo-C-III suggest a regulatory relationship between the three genes.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1986|