The Nucleosome Remodeling and Deacetylation Complex Modulates Chromatin Structure at Sites of Active Transcription to Fine-Tune Gene Expression

Susanne Bornelöv, Nicola Reynolds, Maria Xenophontos, Sarah Gharbi, Ewan Johnstone, Robin Floyd, Meryem Ralser, Jason Signolet, Remco Loos, Sabine Dietmann, Paul Bertone, Brian Hendrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chromatin remodeling complexes play essential roles in metazoan development through widespread control of gene expression, but the precise molecular mechanisms by which they do this in vivo remain ill defined. Using an inducible system with fine temporal resolution, we show that the nucleosome remodeling and deacetylation (NuRD) complex controls chromatin architecture and the protein binding repertoire at regulatory regions during cell state transitions. This is primarily exerted through its nucleosome remodeling activity while deacetylation at H3K27 follows changes in gene expression. Additionally, NuRD activity influences association of RNA polymerase II at transcription start sites and subsequent nascent transcript production, thereby guiding the establishment of lineage-appropriate transcriptional programs. These findings provide a detailed molecular picture of genome-wide modulation of lineage-specific transcription by an essential chromatin remodeling complex as well as insight into the orchestration of molecular events involved in transcriptional transitions in vivo. Video Abstract: [Figure presented] Bornelöv et al. define how NuRD, an abundant chromatin remodeling complex, fine-tunes gene expression. NuRD controls nucleosome positioning across regulatory elements genome-wide, controlling access of DNA-binding proteins to enhancers and promoters. This resetting of the transcription factor repertoire at regulatory elements restricts expression from some loci and induces transcription at others.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-72.e4
JournalMolecular cell
Volume71
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 5 2018

Keywords

  • Mediator
  • NuRD
  • RNA polymerase II
  • chromatin
  • embryonic stem cells
  • enhancer
  • transcription
  • transcription factor

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