The Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia syndromes are familial disorders in which neoplastic changes develop in multiple endocrine tissues. Almost all of these diseases are inherited as autosomal dominant traits with complete penetrance but variable expressivity. Classification of the Multiple Endocrine Neoplasias is based on the pattern of endocrine organ involvement. Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type I (MEN-I) is characterized by the concurrence of pituitary adenomas, parathyroid hyperplasia and pancreatic islet cell neoplasms. Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type II (MEN-II or IIa) consists of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), parathyroid hyperplasia and pheochromocytomas. Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type IIb (MEN-IIb) is similar to MEN-IIa in that affected patients have MTC and pheochromocytomas. Multiple mucosal neuromas and ganglioneuromatosis of the gastrointestinal tract are also present in patients with MEN-IIb, but these individuals rarely manifest hyperparathyroidism. The Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia syndromes have attracted a great deal of attention because of their characteristic clinical features and familial pattern of occurrence. By utilizing recently developed "provocative tests" it is possible through aggressive screening of kindred members at risk to detect certain of these diseases (particularly MTC and pancreatic islet cell neoplasia) at an early stage. Therapeutic intervention in selected patients is associated with a high cure rate.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Annales Chirurgiae et Gynaecologiae|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1983|