KSR1 is a mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase scaffold that enhances the activation of the MAP kinase extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). The function of KSR1 in NK cell function is not known. Here we show that KSR1 is required for efficient NK-mediated cytolysis and polarization of cytolytic granules. Singlecell analysis showed that ERK is activated in an all-or-none fashion in both wild-type and KSR1-deficient cells. In the absence of KSR1, however, the efficiency of ERK activation is attenuated. Imaging studies showed that KSR1 is recruited to the immunological synapse during T-cell activation and that membrane recruitment of KSR1 is required for recruitment of active ERK to the synapse.