The left occipitotemporal cortex does not show preferential activity for words

Alecia C. Vogel, Steven E. Petersen, Bradley L. Schlaggar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Regions in left occipitotemporal (OT) cortex, including the putative visual word form area, are among the most commonly activated in imaging studies of single-word reading. It remains unclear whether this part of the brain is more precisely characterized as specialized for words and/or letters or contains more general-use visual regions having properties useful for processing word stimuli, among others. In Analysis 1, we found no evidence of greater activity in left OT regions for words or letter strings relative to other high-spatial frequency high-contrast stimuli, including line drawings and Amharic strings (which constitute the Ethiopian writing system). In Analysis 2, we further investigated processing characteristics of OT cortex potentially useful in reading. Analysis 2 showed that a specific part of OT cortex 1) is responsive to visual feature complexity, measured by the number of strokes forming groups of letters or Amharic strings and 2) processes learned combinations of characters, such as those in words and pseudowords, as groups but does not do so in consonant and Amharic strings. Together, these results indicate that while regions of left OT cortex are not specialized for words, at least part of OT cortex has properties particularly useful for processing words and letters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2715-2732
Number of pages18
JournalCerebral Cortex
Volume22
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

Keywords

  • extrastriate
  • fMRI
  • fusiform
  • orthography
  • reading

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