The Influence of Race, Income, and Sex on Treatment and Complications of Common Pediatric Orthopedic Fractures

Blake K. Montgomery, Gaby Joseph, Nicole Segovia, Jayme Koltsov, Terence L. Thomas, John S. Vorhies, Kali R. Tileston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Despite best intentions, health care disparities exist and can consequently impact patient care. Few studies have examined the impact of disparities in pediatric orthopedic populations. The current study aimed to determine if the treatment type or complication rates of supracondylar, both-bone forearm, or femur fractures are associated with race, ethnicity, sex, or socioeconomic status. The New York Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project’s database was used to identify all pediatric patients treated for supracondylar humerus fractures, both-bone forearm fractures, and femoral shaft fractures in 2016. Risk-adjusted relationships with race, ethnicity, sex, hospital location, and median income by zip code were assessed with multivariable logistic regression. Patients who were non-White, resided in the zip codes with the lowest median income (<$42,999 annually), and were treated in metropolitan areas were more likely to receive nonoperative treatments for supracondylar humerus fractures. Female patients with a femoral shaft fracture were less likely to be treated with open reduction and internal fixation vs intramedullary fixation. Finally, complications were not associated with patient race, sex, or socioeconomic statuses. These findings bring attention to health care disparities in the treatment of common pediatric orthopedic fractures. Further studies investigating the underlying etiology behind these disparities are warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E156-E160
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2023


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