The individual and combined effects of cigarette smoking and food on resting energy expenditure

J. E. Audrain, R. C. Klesges, K. DePue, L. M. Klesges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The influence of cigarette smoking and food intake on resting energy expenditure (REE) was investigated. Fifteen smokers were presented, over four days. with cigarette consumption, food consumption, the consumption of both cigarettes and food, and neither cigarettes nor food consumption. Results indicated that both food and cigarette smoking increased REE and food increased REE considerably more than smoking cigarettes (17.1 vs 7.5 percent). The combination of the two was less than additive (24.1 percent). The results may aid in elucidating the mechanisms that contribute to a lowered body weight in smokers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)813-821
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume15
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cigarettes
  • Energy balance equation
  • Metabolism
  • Thermic effects of food

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