The incidence, risk, and consequences of atrial arrhythmias in patients with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices

Meredith A. Brisco, Kartik S. Sundareswaran, Carmelo A. Milano, David Feldman, Jeffrey M. Testani, Gregory A. Ewald, Mark S. Slaughter, David J. Farrar, Lee R. Goldberg

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31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Although atrial arrhythmias (AAs) are common in heart failure, the incidence of AAs subsequent to the placement of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) has not been elucidated. Methods Patients receiving a HeartMate II LVAD in the bridge to transplant (n-=-490) and destination therapy (n-=-634) trials were included (n-=-1125). AAs requiring treatment were recorded, regardless of symptoms. Using Cox models with and without a 60-day blanking period, risk factors for early and late AAs were determined. Results In total, there were 271 AAs in 231 patients (21%), most of which occurred within the first 60 days. Patients with and without AAs had similar survival (p-=-0.16). Serum creatinine (hazard ratio [HR]-=-1.49 per unit increase, 1.18 to 1.88; p-<-0.001) and ejection fraction (HR-=-0.98 per 1% increase, 0.95 to 0.999; p-=-0.04) were associated with AAs in a multivariable model. Although quality of life (QoL) and functional status improved in all patients, those with AAs had worse unadjusted QoL (p-<-0.001) and a decreased rate of improvement in six-minute walk distance over six to 24 months postimplant (p-=-0.016). Conclusions Approximately one-fifth of LVAD patients have AAs, most commonly within the first 60 days of support. Preoperative creatinine is a strong risk factor for early and late AAs. Although AAs do not impact survival, they are associated with decreased functional status and QoL improvements during LVAD support. doi: 10.1111/jocs.12336 (J Card Surg 2014;29:572-580)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)572-580
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of cardiac surgery
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2014

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