The incidence of adding-on or distal junctional kyphosis in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treated by anterior spinal fusion to l3 was significantly higher than by posterior spinal fusion to l3

Seung Jae Hyun, Lawrence G. Lenke, Yongjung Kim, Keith H. Bridwell, Meghan Cerpa, Kathy M. Blanke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To compare and identify risk factors for distal adding-on (AO) or distal junctional kyphosis (DJK) in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) treated by anterior-(ASF) and posterior spinal fusion (PSF) to L3. Methods: AIS patients undergoing ASF versus PSF to L3 from 2000–2010 were analyzed. Distal AO and DJK were deemed poor radiographic results. New stable (SV) and neutral vertebra (NV) scores were defined for this study. The total stability (TS) score was the sum of the SV and NV scores. Results: Twenty of 42 (ASF group: 47.6%) and 8 of 72 patients (PSF group: 11.1%) showed poor radiographic outcome. Fused vertebrae, correction rate of main curve, coronal reduc-tion rate of L3 were significantly higher in PSF group. Multiple logistic regression results in-dicated that preoperative SV-3 at L3 in standing and side benders (odds ratio [OR], 2.7 and 3.7, respectively), TS score-5,-6 at L3 (OR, 4.9), rigid disc at L3–4 (OR, 3.7), lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) rotation > 15° (OR, 3.3), LIV deviation > 2 cm from center sacral vertical line (OR, 3.1) and ASF (OR, 13.4; p < 0.001) were independent predictive factors. There was significant improvement of the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22 aver-age scores only in PSF group. Furthermore, the ultimate scores of PSF group were significantly superior to ASF group. Conclusion: The prevalence of AO or DJK at ultimate follow-up for AIS with LIV at L3 was significantly higher in ASF group. Ultimate SRS-22 scores were significantly better in PSF group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-463
Number of pages7
JournalNeurospine
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Adding-on
  • Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
  • Anterior spinal fusion
  • Distal junctional kyphosis
  • Lowest instrumented vertebra
  • Posterior spinal fusion

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