Background: Perivascular epithelioid cell neoplasms (PEComas) are a diverse family of mesenchymal tumors with myomelanocytic differentiation that disproportionately affect women and can be associated with tuberous sclerosis (TS). Although mTOR inhibition is widely used as first-line treatment, it is unclear what genomic alterations exist in these tumors and how they influence the response to therapy. Methods: This was a multicenter study conducted at five sites within the US. The data were collected from 1 January 2004 to 31 January 2021. We conducted a retrospective analysis to identify PEComa patients with next-generation sequencing (NGS) data and compared outcomes based on mutations. Results: No significant differences in survival were identified between TSC-1 and TSC-2 mutated PEComa or TSC-1/-2 versus other mutations. No significant difference was seen in progression-free survival (PFS) after first-line therapy between mTOR inhibition versus other systemic therapies. Conclusions: We were unable to detect differences in survival based on genomic alterations or PFS between mTOR inhibition versus other systemic therapies. Future studies should seek to identify other drivers of TSC-1/-2 silencing that could predict response to mTOR inhibition.
- mTOR inhibitor