Background: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) tibial baseplate thickness, metallurgy, and implant fixation with cement may influence stress shielding. The purpose of the present study is to compare bone mineral density of 2 cemented and press-fit TKA designs with differing tibial baseplate thicknesses and metallurgy over a 2-year period to assess for changes in stress shielding. Methods: One-hundred one TKAs were performed in this Institutional Review Board–approved, prospective study. There were 4 cohorts: DePuy Attune cemented and press-fit, and Stryker Triathlon cemented and press-fit. The Attune tibial baseplate was thicker; both cemented tibial and femoral components were cobalt-chromium. The DePuy Attune press-fit had a cobalt-chromium sintered bead porous coating while the Stryker Triathlon was 3-dimensional printed highly porous titanium alloy. All patients had quantitative dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans performed at baseline (4-6 weeks postoperatively) and at 1 and 2 years postoperatively. Stress shielding was evaluated by comparing percent change in bone mineral density in 11 radiographic zones over 2 years. Results: Over a 2-year period, there were no differences in stress shielding on the tibial side in either cemented or press-fit between Stryker Triathlon and DePuy Attune; however, there were differences on the femoral side. The press-fit tibial components of the Stryker Triathlon and DePuy Attune had either similar or less stress shielding over a 2-year period compared to their cemented counterparts. Conclusion: This study comparing 2 TKA implants with differing tibial tray thickness did not find significant differences in tibial stress shielding between designs. There was a difference in stress shielding on the femoral side between designs, suggesting that longer term follow-up is warranted.
- cemented versus press-fit
- cementless total knee arthroplasty
- implant design
- stress shielding
- total knee arthroplasty