The Impact of Age on Noise Sensitivity in Cochlear Implant Recipients

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Abstract

Objective:To evaluate the impact of different open set sentence recognition tests in quiet, +10 dB signal to noise ratio (SNR), and +5 dB SNR in adult cochlear implant (CI) recipients above and below 65 years of age.Study Design and Setting:Multi-institution, prospective, non-randomized, single-subject repeated measures design.Patients:Ninety six adults more than or equal to 18 years old with postlingual bilateral sensorineural hearing loss.Interventions:Participants received a CI532 in one ear. Speech perception measures were evaluated before and 6-months after activation.Main Outcome Measure(s):Subjects completed consonant-nucleus-constant (CNC) words in quiet and AzBio sentences in noise using +10 and +5 dB SNR, and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA).Results:Ninety six adult patients were enrolled (n = 70 older [≥65 yr], n = 26 younger [<65 yr]). There was no difference in CNC scores (CI alone 58.4% versus 67.5%, p = 0.0857; best aided 66.7% versus 76.1%, p = 0.3357). Older adults performed worse on AzBio +10 dB SNR compared with younger patients (CI alone 37.4% versus 56.9%, p = 0.0006; best aided 51.4% versus 68.2%; p = 0.01), and in AzBio +5 dB SNR (CI alone 7.7% versus 11.2%, p = 0.0002; best aided 15.3% versus 22.3%, p = 0.0005). The magnitude of change in AzBio +10 dB SNR was significantly less in older adults in CI alone (15.3% versus 22.3%; p = 0.0493) but not best aided (21.5% versus 31.3%; p = 0.105). The magnitude of change was drastically worse in AzBio +5 dB SNR for older adults (CI alone 6.7% versus 22.1%, p = 0.0014; best aided 9.5% versus 21.5%; p = 0.0142). There was no significant difference in MOCA between the two age groups.Conclusions:While both older and younger patients have similar outcomes with respect to CNC word scores in quiet, the addition of noise disproportionally impacts older patients. Caution should be exercised testing the elderly in noise; testing in noise may disproportionally impact performance expectations and should be more carefully considered when used for candidacy criteria and counseling. Future studies need to further investigate the disproportionate effect of noise on candidacy testing and its impact on how elderly patients are qualified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-79
Number of pages8
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

Keywords

  • Cochlear implant
  • Cochlear implant candidacy
  • Elderly
  • Speech perception

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