The Hybrid Operative Suite with Intraoperative Biplane Rotational Angiography in Pediatric Cerebrovascular Neurosurgery: Utility and Lessons Learned

John K. Yue, Diana Chang, Michael Travis Caton, Alexander F. Haddad, Cecilia L. Dalle Ore, Thomas A. Wozny, Taemin Oh, Albert S. Wang, Daniel A. Tonetti, Kurtis I. Auguste, Peter P. Sun, Daniel L. Cooke, Steven W. Hetts, Adib A. Abla, Nalin Gupta, Jarod L. Roland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: The benefits of performing open and endovascular procedures in a hybrid neuroangiography surgical suite include confirmation of treatment results and reduction in number of procedures, leading to improved efficiency of care. Combined procedural suites are infrequently used in pediatric facilities due to technical and logistical limitations. We report the safety, utility, and lessons learned from a single-institution experience using a hybrid suite equipped with biplane rotational digital subtraction angiography and pan-surgical capabilities. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of consecutive cases performed at our institution that utilized the hybrid neuroangiography surgical suite from February 2020 to August 2021. Demographics, surgical metrics, and imaging results were collected from the electronic medical record. Outcomes, interventions, and nuances for optimizing preoperative/intraoperative setup and postoperative care were presented. Results: Eighteen procedures were performed in 17 patients (mean age 13.4 years, range 6-19). Cases included 14 arteriovenous malformations (AVM; 85.7% ruptured), one dural arteriovenous fistula, one mycotic aneurysm, and one hemangioblastoma. The average operative time was 416 min (range 321-745). There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. All patients were alive at follow-up (range 0.1-14.7 months). Five patients had anticipated postoperative deficits arising from their hemorrhage, and 12 returned to baseline neurological status. Four illustrative cases demonstrating specific, unique applications of the hybrid angiography suite are presented. Conclusion: The hybrid neuroangiography surgical suite is a safe option for pediatric cerebrovascular pathologies requiring combined surgical and endovascular intervention. Hybrid cases can be completed within the same anesthesia session and reduce the need for return to the operating room for resection or surveillance angiography. High-quality intraoperative angiography enables diagnostic confirmation under a single procedure, mitigating risk of morbidity and accelerating recovery. Effective multidisciplinary planning enables preoperative angiograms to be completed to inform the operative plan immediately prior to definitive resection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-259
Number of pages15
JournalPediatric Neurosurgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2022


  • Cerebrovascular disorder
  • Hybrid surgical suite
  • Intraoperative angiogram
  • Neuroangiography
  • Neuroendovascular surgery
  • Vascular neurosurgery


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