The human T-cell leukemia virus type-1 tax oncoprotein dissociates NF-κB p65RelA-Stathmin complexes and causes catastrophic mitotic spindle damage and genomic instability

Aditi Malu, Tetiana Hutchison, Laçin Yapindi, Katie Smith, Katherine Nelson, Rachel Bergeson, Jordan Pope, Megan Romeo, Carolyn Harrod, Lee Ratner, Carine Van Lint, Robert Harrod

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genomic instability is a hallmark of many cancers; however, the molecular etiology of chromosomal dysregulation is not well understood. The human T-cell leukemia virus type-1 (HTLV-1) oncoprotein Tax activates NF-κB-signaling and induces DNA-damage and aberrant chromosomal segregation through diverse mechanisms which contribute to viral carcinogenesis. Intriguingly, Stathmin/oncoprotein-18 (Op-18) depolymerizes tubulin and interacts with the p65RelA subunit and functions as a cofactor for NF-κB-dependent transactivation. We thus hypothesized that the dissociation of p65RelA-Stathmin/Op-18 complexes by Tax could lead to the catastrophic destabilization of microtubule (MT) spindle fibers during mitosis and provide a novel mechanistic link between NF-κB-signaling and genomic instability. Here we report that the inhibition of Stathmin expression by the retroviral latency protein, p30II, or knockdown with siRNA-stathmin, dampens Tax-mediated NF-κB transactivation and counters Tax-induced genomic instability and cytotoxicity. The Tax-G148V mutant, defective for NF-κB activation, exhibited reduced p65RelA-Stathmin binding and diminished genomic instability and cytotoxicity. Dominant-negative inhibitors of NF-κB also prevented Tax-induced multinucleation and apoptosis. Moreover, cell clones containing the infectious HTLV-1 ACH. p30II mutant provirus, impaired for p30II production, exhibited increased multinucleation and the accumulation of cytoplasmic tubulin aggregates following nocodozole-treatment. These findings allude to a mechanism whereby NF-κB-signaling regulates tubulin dynamics and mitotic instability through the modulation of p65RelA-Stathmin/Op-18 interactions, and support the notion that p30II enhances the survival of Tax-expressing HTLV-1-transformed cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-101
Number of pages19
JournalVirology
Volume535
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2019

Keywords

  • ATLL
  • Genomic instability
  • HTLV-1
  • Microtubule
  • NF-kappa B
  • Stathmin
  • Tax
  • Tubulin
  • Viral oncoprotein
  • p30

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