The human papillomavirus 16 E5 gene potentiates MmuPV1-Dependent pathogenesis

Alexandra D. Torres, Megan E. Spurgeon, Andrea Bilger, Simon Blaine-Sauer, Aayushi Uberoi, Darya Buehler, Stephanie M. McGregor, Ella Ward-Shaw, Paul F. Lambert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The papillomavirus E5 gene contributes to transformation and tumorigenesis; however, its exact function in these processes and viral pathogenesis is unclear. While E5 is present in high-risk mucosotropic HPVs that cause anogenital and head and neck cancers, it is absent in cutaneous HPVs and the recently discovered mouse papillomavirus (MmuPV1), which causes papillomas and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin and mucosal epithelia in laboratory mice. We infected K14E5 transgenic mice, which express the high-risk mucosotropic HPV16 E5 gene in stratified epithelia, with MmuPV1 to investigate the effects of E5 on papillomavirus-induced pathogenesis. Skin lesions in MmuPV1-infected K14E5 mice had earlier onset, higher incidence, and reduced frequency of spontaneous regression compared to those in non-transgenic mice. K14E5 mice were also more susceptible to cervicovaginal cancers when infected with MmuPV1 and treated with estrogen compared to non-transgenic mice. Our studies support the hypothesis that E5 contributes to papillomavirus-induced pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalVirology
Volume541
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020

Keywords

  • E5
  • Human papillomavirus
  • Mouse papillomavirus
  • Oncogene
  • Pathogenesis

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