Intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) is believed to participate in the uptake, intracellular metabolism, and/or transport of long chain fatty acids within enterocytes. The 15.1-kDa rodent protein is a member of a family of low M(r) cytoplasmic proteins that have evolved to bind different ligands. We have now determined the nucleotide sequence of the gene encoding human I-FABP and defined the primary structure of its protein product. The human I-FABP gene spans 3382 nucleotides and contains 4 exons (103 or 128, 173, 108, and 312 base pairs) interrupted by 3 introns (1194, 1023, and 444 base pairs). The 132-residue rat and human I-FABPs have 82% amino acid sequence identity. Blot hybridization studies of RNAs prepared from a variety of adult rhesus monkey tissues as well as human intestine and liver indicate that I-FABP mRNA is confined to the intestine. I-FABP mRNA was not detectable in a number of cultured human enterocyte-like cell lines, suggesting it may be a sensitive marker for differentiated, villus-associated, small intestinal lining cells. Given the similar patterns of tissue-specific expression exhibited by the rat and human genes, we compared their 5' nontranscribed regions. Optimal alignments of the two sequences disclosed 64% identity among the 260 nucleotides immediately 5' to the start site of transcription. Matrix plots revealed a 14-nucleotide long repeated sequence (5'-TGAACTTTGAACTT-3') in the 5' nontranscribed region of both genes as well as in a comparable region of another family member that is expressed in enterocytes, cellular retinol binding protein II. The linkage relationships between I-FABP and the homologous liver FABP (L-FABP) gene were defined in mice and humans. The mouse genes were mapped using restriction fragment length polymorphisms and recombinant inbred strains. The I-FABP gene is located on mouse chromosome 3 between the amylase 1,2 (Amy 1,2) and alcohol dehydrogenase 3 (Adh-3) loci while the L-FABP gene is on mouse chromosome 6 within 3 centimorgans of the lymphocyte antigen-2 (Ly-2) locus. Mouse L-FABP may be identical to the major liver protein-1 (Lvp-1) which is encoded by a gene situated within a centimorgan of Ly-2. Human gene mapping studies were carried out using a panel of mouse-human somatic cell hybrid clones as well as in situ hybridization to metaphase chromosomes. The I-FABP gene is located in the q28-q31 region of human chromosome 4 while the L-FABP gene resides in the p12-q11 region of human chromosome 2. These findings extend the regions of syntenic homology that exist between these human and mouse chromosomes.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1987|