The Extracellular Domain of the Human Interferon Gamma Receptor Interacts with a Species-Specific Signal Transducer

Verna C. Gibbs, Steven R. Williams, Patrick W. Gray, Robert D. Schreiber, Diane Pennica, Glenn Rice, David V. Goeddel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

At least two species-specific gene products are required for signal transduction by interferon gamma (IFN-γ). The first is the IFN-γ receptor, which binds ligand with high affinity in a species-specific manner. The second is an undetermined species-specific signal transducer(s). To determine whether the human IFN-γ receptor (hIFN-γR) interacts directly with this signal transducer(s) and, if so, with what functional domain(s), we constructed expression vectors for the hIFN-γR and three hybrid human-murine IFN-γ receptors. The hybrid receptors contained the extracellular, human IFN-γ (hIFN-γ) binding domain of the hIFN-γR, either the human or murine transmembrane domain, and either the human or murine intracellular domain. The vectors encoding these receptors were stably transfected into two mouse cell lines, one of which (SCC-16-5) contains a single copy of human chromosome 21. The resulting cell lines were treated with hIFN-γ, and murine major histocompatibility complex class I antigen expression was analyzed by immunofluorescence flow cytometry. All transfected cell lines lacking human chromosome 21 remained insensitive to hIFN-γ. However, all four of the IFN-γ receptors were able to signal when expressed in the cell line containing human chromosome 21. We conclude that the extracellular domain of the IFN-γ receptor is involved not only in the species specificity of IFN-γ binding but also in signalling through interaction with an as yet unidentified species-specific factor(s) encoded by a gene(s) on human chromosome 21.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5860-5866
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume11
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1991

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