The Expression and Localization of N-Myc Downstream-Regulated Gene 1 in Human Trophoblasts

Xiao Hua Shi, Jacob C. Larkin, Baosheng Chen, Yoel Sadovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


The protein N-Myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1) is implicated in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation, and cellular stress response. NDRG1 is expressed in primary human trophoblasts, where it promotes cell viability and resistance to hypoxic injury. The mechanism of action of NDRG1 remains unknown. To gain further insight into the intracellular action of NDRG1, we analyzed the expression pattern and cellular localization of endogenous NDRG1 and transfected Myc-tagged NDRG1 in human trophoblasts exposed to diverse injuries. In standard conditions, NDRG1 was diffusely expressed in the cytoplasm at a low level. Hypoxia or the hypoxia mimetic cobalt chloride, but not serum deprivation, ultraviolet (UV) light, or ionizing radiation, induced the expression of NDRG1 in human trophoblasts and the redistribution of NDRG1 into the nucleus and cytoplasmic membranes associated with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and microtubules. Mutation of the phosphopantetheine attachment site (PPAS) within NDRG1 abrogated this pattern of redistribution. Our results shed new light on the impact of cell injury on NDRG1 expression patterns, and suggest that the PPAS domain plays a key role in NDRG1's subcellular distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere75473
JournalPloS one
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 16 2013


Dive into the research topics of 'The Expression and Localization of N-Myc Downstream-Regulated Gene 1 in Human Trophoblasts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this