Interleukin 12 (IL-12)-induced T helper 1 (Th1) development requires Stat4 activation. However, antigen-activated Th1 cells can produce interferon γ (IFN-γ) independently of IL-12 and Stat4 activation. Thus, in differentiated Th1 cells, factors regulated by IL-12 and Stat4 may be involved in IFN-γ production. Using subtractive cloning, we identified ERM, an Ets transcription factor, to be a Th1-specific, IL-12-induced gene. IL- 12-induction of ERM occurred in wild-type and Stat1-deficient, but not Stat4- deficient, T cells, suggesting ERM is Stat4-inducible. Retroviral expression of ERM did not restore IFN-γ production in Stat4-deficient T cells, but augmented IFN-γ expression in Stat4-heterozygous T cells. Ets factors frequently regulate transcription via cooperative interactions with other transcription factors, and ERM has been reported to cooperate with c-Jun. However, in the absence of other transcription factors, ERM augmented expression of an IFN-γ reporter by only 2-fold. Thus, determining the requirement for ERM in Th1 development likely will require gene targeting.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Mar 30 1999|