The enigmatic function of TREM-2 in osteoclastogenesis

Marco Colonna, Isaiah Turnbull, Julia Klesney-Tait

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

The triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM-2) is a member of family of receptors that play a central role in regulating function of myeloid cells. TREM-2 is expressed on macrophages, microglia and pre-osteoclasts and transduces intracellular signals through the adaptor DAP12. In human, genetic defects of TREM-2 and DAP12 result in a rare syndrome characterized by presenile dementia and bone cysts. This syndrome and the tissue distribution of TREM-2 have indicated a role of the TREM-2/DAP12 complex in brain function and bone modeling, particularly osteoclastogenesis. Accordingly, human TREM-2- and DAP12-deficient pre-osteoclast precursors failed to differentiate in vitro into mature osteoclasts endowed with bone resorptive activity. In mouse, DAP12-deficiency also resulted in impaired osteoclastogenesis in vitro and a mild osteopetrosis in vivo although bone cysts were not observed. Surprisingly, TREM-2-deficiency in mouse led to accelerated osteoclastogenesis in vitro without osteopetrosis or bone cysts in vivo, revealing an unexpected inhibitory function of mouse TREM-2. These data demonstrate that TREM-2 function is essential for normal osteoclastogenesis. The conflicting results as to the relationship between TREM-2, DAP12 and osteoclastogenesis and bone modeling in human and mouse suggest that TREM-2 contribution to osteoclast biology may vary depending on the influence of additional DAP12-associated receptors and on the presence of TREM-2 ligands with variable avidity/affinity, which may induce either activating or an inhibitory signals through TREM-2/DAP12.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOsteoimmunology
Pages97-105
Number of pages9
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

Publication series

NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Volume602
ISSN (Print)0065-2598

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