The efficacy of oral midazolam for decreasing anxiety in children undergoing voiding cystourethrogram: A randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study

Genoa G. Ferguson, Cathy Chen, Yan Yan, Michele E. Royer, Mary Campigotto, Erica J. Traxel, Douglas E. Coplen, Paul F. Austin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Voiding cystourethrogram is an invasive test that evokes anxiety. Our primary aim was to determine whether midazolam is beneficial in decreasing anxiety in children who undergo voiding cystourethrogram. Secondary aims were an examination of parent anxiety, health care professional perceptions and post-procedure behavioral outcomes in children after voiding cystourethrogram. Materials and Methods: A total of 44 children were randomized to placebo or oral midazolam before voiding cystourethrogram in double-blind fashion. The Modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale was used to evaluate child behavior before and during voiding cystourethrogram, and the Post Hospitalization Behavior Questionnaire was used to investigate any short-term and intermediate-term behavioral outcomes. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory was used to evaluate parent personal anxiety during voiding cystourethrogram. A separate questionnaire was administered to radiology staff. Statistical analysis included the 2-sample t and Fisher exact tests. Results: There was no difference in Modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale scores in children randomized to midazolam or placebo. There was also no significant difference in parent anxiety. Radiology care providers identified no reliable benefit when blinded to sedation vs placebo. We did not note any post-procedural behavior issues after voiding cystourethrogram at up to 6 months of followup. Conclusions: Midazolam may not significantly help with child or parent anxiety during voiding cystourethrogram. No reliable benefit was noted according to radiology health care provider perception and there was no significant post-procedural behavior benefit. Midazolam may not provide a significant benefit in decreasing anxiety during voiding cystourethrogram.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2542-2546
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume185
Issue number6 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

Keywords

  • anxiety
  • bladder
  • midazolam
  • radiology
  • urethra

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The efficacy of oral midazolam for decreasing anxiety in children undergoing voiding cystourethrogram: A randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this