The effects of the antiestrogen CI-628 on sexual behavior activated by androgen or estrogen in quail

Elizabeth Kocher Adkins, Bruce L. Nock

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73 Scopus citations


This series of experiments sought to determine whether conversion of androgen to estrogen is important in the activation of male sexual behavior in quail by seeing if an antiestrogen will block androgen stimulated copulation in this species. Experiment I compared the ability of two antiestrogens, MER-25 (5 mg/day) and CI-628 (2 mg/day), to block estrogen stimulated characteristics in female quail. Both treatments greatly reduced oviduct growth in "photically castrated" females given estradiol benzoate (EB, 50 μg/day), but only CI-628 reduced receptivity in these birds. In Experiment II surgically castrated males given 50 μg/day EB together with 2 mg/day CI-628 were much less receptive than castrated males given EB alone, and in addition copulated in fewer tests. In Experiments III, IV, and V, castrated males given testosterone propionate (TP) together with CI-628 were compared with males given TP alone. The ability of CI-628 to suppress TP-stimulated copulation increased with increasing CI TP dosage ratio, and at the highest ratio (4:1), CI-628 effectively blocked copulation in five out of seven birds. Those birds that did copulate did so in fewer tests and performed fewer cloacal contact movements. CI-628 had no antiandrogenic effects in these experiments. These results suggest that estrogens may be important active metabolites of testosterone with respect to quail copulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-429
Number of pages13
JournalHormones and Behavior
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1976


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