The effects of exercise training on quality of life in HAART-treated HIV-positive Rwandan subjects with body fat redistribution

Eugene Mutimura, Aimee Stewart, Nigel J. Crowther, Kevin E. Yarasheski, W. Todd Cade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Our objective was to examine the effects of exercise training (EXS) on quality of life (QoL) in highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-treated HIV-positive (HIV+) subjects with body fat redistribution (BFR) in Rwanda. Methods: The effects of a randomised controlled trial of EXS on QoL were measured using World Health Organisation Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-BREF in HIV+ subjects with BFR randomised to EXS (n = 50; BFR + EXS) or no exercise training (n = 50; BFR + noEXS). Results: At 6 months, scores on the psychological [1.3 (0.3) vs. 0.5 (0.1); P < 0.0001], independence [0.6 (0.1) vs. 0.0 (0.0); P < 0.0001], social relationships [0.6 (0.2) vs. 0.0 (0.0); P < 0.0001] and HIV HAART-specific QoL domains [1.4 (0.2) vs. -0.1 (0.2); P < 0.0001] improved more in BFR + EXS than BFR + noEXS group, respectively. Self-esteem [1.3 (0.8) vs. 0.1 (0.6); P < 0.001], body image [1.5 (0.6) vs. 0.0 (0.5); P < 0.001] and emotional stress [1.6 (0.7) vs. 0.2 (0.5); P < 0.001] improved more in the BFR + EXS group than BFR + noEXS group, respectively. Psychological [1.5 (0.2) vs. 1.1 (0.3); P < 0.0001], social relationship [0.8 (0.2) vs. 0.4 (0.2); P < 0.0001], and HIV HAART-specific well-being [1.8 (0.2) vs. 1.0 (0.0); P < 0.0001] improved more in BFR + EXS female than male subjects. Conclusions: Exercise training improved several components of QoL in HAART-treated HIV+ African subjects with BFR. Exercise training is an inexpensive and efficacious strategy for improving QoL in HIV+ African subjects, which may improve HAART adherence and treatment initiatives in resource-limited areas of sub-Saharan Africa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-385
Number of pages9
JournalQuality of Life Research
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2008

Keywords

  • Africa
  • HAART
  • Lipodystrophy
  • Rwanda

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