The Effects of Calcium and Magnesium on the Secretion of Parathormone and Parathyroid Secretory Protein by Isolated Porcine Parathyroid Cells

Jeremiah J. Morrissey, David V. Cohn

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60 Scopus citations

Abstract

The preparation of dispersed parathyroid cells by collagenase digestion of porcine parathyroid glands, essentially as outlined by Brown et al. (Endocrinology 99: 1582, 1976), is described. The cells secrete parathormone linearly for at least 4 h of incubation and rapidly respond in inverse fashion to changes in the medium calcium and magnesium concentrations over the range 0.5–3.0 rain. In terms of inhibition of secretion, either ion was more effective in the presence of a minimum concentration of the other, indicating that calcium and magnesium affect separate cellular sites. Parathormone was identified both by immunoassay of the whole incubation medium and by its separation by polyacrylamide gels and carboxymethylcellulose chromatography. When the cells were incubated with radioactive amino acids and both the medium and cells were subsequently analyzed on gels, we found that parathyroid secretory protein as well as parathormone and some immunoactive fragments were present. Analysis of the radioactive protein contained in the cells at high and low calcium concentrations revealed that calcium decreased the formation-of the secretory protein by approximately 40% without appreciably affecting the formation of proparathormone or parathormone. The secretion of both parathyroid secretory protein and parathormone were inversely proportional to the concentrations of medium calcium or magnesium. The secretion of the latter, however, was more sensitive (95% inhibition) than parathormone (40–60% inhibition) to changes in medium divalent cations. These results suggest that the synthesis, intracellular processing, or secretion of parathormone and parathyroid secretory protein utilize independent calcium- and magnesium-regulated pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2081-2090
Number of pages10
JournalEndocrinology
Volume103
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1978

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