The effect of robotic assistance on learning curves for basic laparoscopic skills

Sunil M. Prasad, Hersh S. Maniar, Nathaniel J. Soper, Ralph J. Damiano, Mary E. Klingensmith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

97 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: We hypothesized that laparoscopic tasks performed with ZEUS robotic assistance would be done with greater precision and with a different learning curve than when performed in a standard laparoscopic trainer. Methods: Participants were divided into the surgically experienced (n = 11) and the surgically naive (n = 17). Two laparoscopic tasks (bead transfer and rope pass) were repeated for five repetitions. Results: For all drills and participants, completion time and error rate decreased across the five repetitions for each platform. Precision averaged 97% for both platforms over all drills. For both groups, completion time for tasks was shorter on the laparoscopic platform. ZEUS allowed for greater consistency in performance. Conclusions: Compared with performance on a standard laparoscopic trainer, robotic assistance allows for increasing speed and consistency while maintaining precision over multiple repetitions. Understanding how robotics affects learning curves will allow for modifications in the training experience with this new technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)702-707
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume183
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Computer-assisted surgery
  • Laparoscopy
  • Learning curves
  • Robotic surgery
  • Training

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