The effect of reconstruction on positive margin rates in oral cancer: Using length of stay as a proxy measure for flap reconstruction in a national database

David A. Campbell, Patrick Pipkorn, Vasu Divi, Michael Stadler, Becky Massey, Bruce Campbell, Jeremy D. Richmon, Evan Graboyes, Sid Puram, Joseph Zenga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Planned flap reconstruction, allowing aggressive resections of oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC), may decrease positive surgical margins. The purpose of this study was to determine if length of stay (LOS), as a proxy measure for flap reconstruction, is associated with positive margin rates in OCSCC. Materials and methods: Data from the National Cancer Database was retrospectively collected for patients undergoing surgery for previously untreated clinical T1–3 OCSCC. Post-operative LOS was dichotomized between ≤4 and >4 days as a proxy measure for whether patients may have received flap reconstruction. Patients with LOS >4 days represent a diverse group, but those with a LOS ≤4 days are less likely to have undergone an oral cavity flap reconstruction. Results: 10,107 patients were included, of which 5290 (52%) were clinical T1 and 4852 (48%) were clinical T2–3. 771 (8%) patients had a positive surgical margin. On multivariable logistic regression analysis, LOS ≤4 days was significantly associated with a positive margin resection in patients with clinical T2–3 tumors (OR 1.68, 95%CI 1.37–2.06) compared to patients with LOS >4 days. LOS was not associated with surgical margin status in patients with clinical T1 disease (OR 0.76, 95%CI 0.55–1.06). Patients with positive margin resections demonstrated worse overall survival (cT1: OR 1.35, 95%CI 1.06–1.72; cT2–3: OR 1.52, 95%CI 1.33–1.74). Conclusions: LOS >4 days after oral cavity cancer resection was significantly associated with negative surgical margins in clinical T2–3 oral cavity cancer, suggesting the possibility that patients undergoing flap reconstruction after resection have fewer positive surgical margins.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103012
JournalAmerican Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021

Keywords

  • Free flap
  • Oral cavity cancer
  • Positive margin
  • Reconstruction

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