The Effect of Psychological Impairment on Outcomes in Patients With Prearthritic Hip Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abby L. Cheng, Maria Schwabe, Michelle M. Doering, Graham A. Colditz, Heidi Prather

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Recent studies have suggested that mental health disorders negatively affect postoperative outcomes in patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). However, the outcome measures reported and the effect sizes have varied. Furthermore, it is unknown whether similar effects are present in young adults with other hip disorders such as acetabular dysplasia. Purpose: To synthesize current evidence regarding the effect of baseline psychological impairment on postintervention outcomes in patients with prearthritic hip disorders. Study Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: In February 2019, the Ovid Medline, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases were searched for longitudinal studies that evaluated the effect of baseline psychological impairment (such as depression or anxiety) on a postintervention clinical outcome in patients with prearthritic hip disorders including FAI, acetabular dysplasia, and/or acetabular labral tears. Descriptive measures of study quality and bias were recorded, and studies that reported statistically comparable outcomes were analyzed in meta-analyses through use of random effects models. Results: We identified 12 eligible studies, all of which specifically evaluated patients with FAI after hip arthroscopy. No eligible studies described patients with acetabular dysplasia. Of the included studies, 8 studies reported odds ratios (ORs). The other 4 studies reported mean postoperative scores on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), all of which were scored from 0 to 100, with higher numbers being favorable. Patients with psychological impairment were less likely to achieve a favorable outcome after arthroscopy (OR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.62 to 0.88; P <.001), and they reported worse postoperative PROM scores compared with nonimpaired patients (weighted mean difference, −20.2 points; 95% CI, −32.9 to −7.5; P <.001). Conclusion: Baseline psychological impairment is associated with clinically significantly worse outcomes in patients with femoroacetabular impingement who undergo hip arthroscopy. More standardized reporting would facilitate improved understanding of this important, potentially modifiable risk factor. Registration: CRD42019124836 (PROSPERO).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2563-2571
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume48
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

Keywords

  • acetabular dysplasia
  • anxiety
  • depression
  • femoroacetabular impingement
  • mental health
  • prearthritic hip disorder
  • psychological impairment

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