The effect of oligosaccharide chains of different sizes on the maturation and physical properties of the G protein of vesicular stomatitis virus

R. Gibson, S. Kornfeld, S. Schlesinger

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Abstract

The envelope glycoprotein, G, of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) is initially glycosylated by the en bloc transfer of Glc3Man9GlcNAc2 oligosaccharides to 2 specific asparagine residues in the nascent polypeptide chain. We carried out in vivo and in vitro studies to determine whether the size of the oligosaccharide chains on two related but different G proteins can affect their ability to fold correctly. For the in vivo studies we used a mutant lymphoma cell line, Thy-1-e, which transfers the truncated oligosaccharide, Glc3Man5GlcNAc2, to nascent polypeptides. The growth of VSV in these cells was temperature-sensitive compared to that in parental Thy-1+ cells, and VSV (San Juan) was more affected than VSV (Orsay). These results are congruous with our previous observation that in the absence of glycosylation virus assembly is temperature-sensitive and VSV (San Juan) is inhibited more than VSV (Orsay). To examine the effect of oligosaccharide size on the properties of the G protein in vitro we treated G proteins containing either Man8GlcNAc2 or Man5GlcNAc2 oligosaccharide chains with guanidine hydrochloride and measured their ability to refold using an in vitro aggregation assay. The San Juan G protein with Man5GlcNAc2 oligosaccharides aggregated at 40°C but not at 30°C. The Orsay G protein with Man5GlcNAc2 oligosaccharides and both proteins containing Man8GlcNAc2 oligosaccharides did not aggregate at either temperature. We conclude that the size of the oligosaccharides present on the folding G protein can be crucial in attaining a proper conformation, and the extent of their effect depends on the primary structure of the polypeptide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456-462
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume256
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1981

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