The effect of neonatal gene therapy with a gamma retroviral vector on cardiac valve disease in mucopolysaccharidosis VII dogs after a decade

Paul W. Bigg, Meg M. Sleeper, Patricia A. O'Donnell, Yuli Liu, Susan Wu, Margret L. Casal, Mark E. Haskins, Katherine P. Ponder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mucopolysaccharidosis VII (MPS VII) is due to deficient activity of the lysosomal enzyme β-glucuronidase (GUSB) and results in the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). This study determined the long-term effect of neonatal intravenous injection of a gamma retroviral vector (RV) on cardiac valve disease in MPS VII dogs. Transduced hepatocytes secreted GUSB into the blood for up to 11. years at levels similar to or greater than those achieved with enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). Valve regurgitation and thickening were scored from 0 (normal) to +. 4 (severely abnormal). At 1. year, untreated MPS VII dogs had mitral regurgitation, mitral valve thickening, aortic regurgitation, and aortic valve thickening scores of 2.3 ± 0.7, 2.3. ± 0.6, 1.8 ± 0.5, and 1.6 ± 0.7, respectively, which were higher than the values of 0.6 ± 0.1, 0.1 ± 0.4, 0.3 ± 0.8, and 0.1 ± 0.4, respectively, in treated MPS VII dogs. Treated MPS VII dogs maintained low aortic regurgitation and aortic valve thickening scores in their lifetime. Although mitral regurgitation and mitral valve thickening scores increased to 2.0 at ≥ 8. years of age in the treated MPS VII dogs, older normal dogs from the colony had similar scores, making it difficult to assess mitral valve disease. Older treated dogs had calcification within the mitral and the aortic valve annulus, while GUSB staining demonstrated enzyme activity within the mitral valve. We conclude that neonatal RV-mediated gene therapy reduced cardiac valve disease in MPS VII dogs for up to 11. years, and propose that neonatal initiation of ERT should have a similar effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-318
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular genetics and metabolism
Volume110
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • Cardiac disease
  • Gene therapy
  • Lysosomal storage disease
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis
  • Retroviral vector

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The effect of neonatal gene therapy with a gamma retroviral vector on cardiac valve disease in mucopolysaccharidosis VII dogs after a decade'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this