The effect of ammonium sulfate injection on peripheral nerve

Jun Kobayashi, Susan E. Mackinnon, Jacob C. Langer, M. Catherine Hertl, Daniel A. Hunter, Gregory Tarasidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Local anesthetic drugs with prolonged nerve-block effect would have clinical application for postoperative or neuromatous pain relief. This study evaluated the possibility of peripheral nerve neurotoxicity by injection of 10 percent ammonium sulfate. Both intrafascicular and extrafascicular injection of 10 percent ammonium sulfate were tested in the rat sciatic nerve model. One percent lidocaine HCl, 5 percent phenol, and normal saline were similarly injected for comparison. Using histologic studies and motor function evaluation with walking-track analysis, 10 percent ammonium sulfate was found to be neurotoxic when it is injected intrafascicularly; however, extrafascicular injection of this drug did not cause significant nerve injury. The neurotoxicity of the 10 percent ammonium sulfate solution was intermediate between the neurotoxicity of 0.1 percent lidocaine hydrochloride and the marked neurotoxicity of 5 percent phenol solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-396
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of reconstructive microsurgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 1997


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