The double-helix point spread function microscope encodes the axial (z) position information of single emitters in wide-field (x,y) images, thus enabling localization in three dimensions (3D) inside extended volumes. We experimentally determine the statistical localization precision σof this approach using single emitters in a cell under typical background conditions, demonstrating σ<20 nm laterally and <30 nm axially for N ≈ 1180 photons per localization. Combined with light-induced blinking of single-molecule labels, we present proof-of-concept imaging beyond the optical diffraction limit of microtubule network structures in fixed mammalian cells over a large axial range in three dimensions.
|Journal||Applied Physics Letters|
|State||Published - Apr 9 2012|