The discovery and development of the N-substituted trans-3,4-dimethyl-4-(3- hydroxyphenyl)piperidine class of pure opioid receptor antagonists

F. Ivy Carroll, Roland E. Dolle

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

N-Substituted trans-3,4-dimethyl-4-(3-hydroxyphenyl)piperidines are a class of pure opioid receptor antagonists with a novel pharmacophore. This opioid receptor antagonist pharmacophore was used as a lead structure to design and develop several interesting and useful opioid receptor antagonists. In this review we describe: 1) early SAR studies that led to the discovery of LY255582 and analogues that are nonselective opioid receptor antagonists developed for the treatment of obesity; 2) the discovery and commercialization of LY246736 (alvimopan; ENTEREG®), a peripherally selective opioid receptor antagonist that accelerates the time to upper and lower GI recovery following surgeries that include partial bowel resection with primary anastomosis; and 3) the discovery and development of the potent and selective κ opioid receptor antagonist JDTic and analogues as potential pharmacotherapies for treating depression, anxiety, and substance abuse (nicotine, alcohol, and cocaine). In addition, the use of JDTic for obtaining the X-ray structure of the human κ opioid receptor is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1638-1654
Number of pages17
JournalChemMedChem
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • JDTic
  • alvimopan
  • drug design
  • medicinal chemistry
  • opioid antagonists

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