Myocardial tissue characterization represents an extension of currently available echocardiographic imaging. The systematic variation of backscattered energy during the cardiac cycle (the " cyclic variation" of backscatter) has been employed to characterize cardiac function in a wide range of investigations. However, the mechanisms responsible for observed cyclic variation remain incompletely understood. As a step toward determining the features of cardiac structure and function that are responsible for the observed cyclic variation, the present study makes use of a kinematic approach of diastolic function quantitation to identify diastolic function determinants that influence the magnitude and timing of cyclic variation. Echocardiographic measurements of 32 subjects provided data for determination of the cyclic variation of backscatter to diastolic function relation characterized in terms of E-wave determined, kinematic model-based parameters of chamber stiffness, viscosity/relaxation and load. The normalized time delay of cyclic variation appears to be related to the relative viscoelasticity of the chamber and predictive of the kinematic filling dynamics as determined using the parametrized diastolic filling formalism (with r-values ranging from .44 to .59). The magnitude of cyclic variation does not appear to be strongly related to the kinematic parameters.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology|
|State||Published - Aug 2011|
- Cyclic variation
- Myocardial ultrasound
- Parametrized diastolic filling formalism
- Tissue characterization