The Developmental Progression of Eight Opsin Spectral Signals Recorded from the Zebrafish Retinal Cone Layer Is Altered by the Timing and Cell Type Expression of Thyroxin Receptor β 2(trβ 2) Gain-Of-Function Transgenes

Ralph F. Nelson, Annika Balraj, Tara Suresh, Leah J. Elias, Takeshi Yoshimatsu, Sara S. Patterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Zebrafish retinal cone signals shift in spectral shape through larval, juvenile, and adult development as expression patterns of eight cone-opsin genes change. An algorithm extracting signal amplitudes for the component cone spectral types is developed and tested on two thyroxin receptor β 2 (trβ 2) gain-of-function lines crx: mYFP-2A-trβ 2 and gnat2:mYFP-2A-trβ 2, allowing correlation between opsin signaling and opsin immunoreac-tivity in lines with different developmental timing and cell-type expression of this red-opsin-promoting transgene. Both adult transgenics became complete, or nearly complete, “red-cone dichromats,” with disproportionately large long-wavelength-sensitive (LWS)1 opsin amplitudes as compared with controls, where LWS1 and LWS2 amplitudes were about equal, and significant signals from SWS1, SWS2, and Rh2 opsins were detected. But in transgenic larvae and juveniles of both lines it was LWS2 amplitudes that increased, with LWS1 cone signals rarely encountered. In gnat2:mYFP-2A-trβ 2 embryos at 5 d postfertilization (dpf), red-opsin immunoreactive cone density doubled, but red-opsin amplitudes (LWS2) increased <10%, and green-opsin, blue-opsin, and UV-opsin signals were unchanged, despite co-expressed red opsins, and the finding that an sws1 UV-opsin reporter gene was shut down by the gnat2:mYFP-2A-trβ 2 transgene. By contrast both LWS2 red-cone amplitudes and the density of red-cone immunoreactivity more than doubled in 5-dpf crx:mYFP-2A-trβ 2 embryos, while UV-cone amplitudes were reduced 90%. Embryonic cones with trβ 2 gain-of-function transgenes were morphologi-cally distinct from control red, blue or UV cones, with wider inner segments and shorter axons than red cones, suggesting cone spectral specification, opsin immunoreactivity and shape are influenced by the abundance and developmental timing of trβ 2expression.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberENEURO.0326-22.2022
JournaleNeuro
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2022

Keywords

  • ERG
  • developmental biology
  • opsin absorbance
  • opsin antibodies
  • red cones
  • spectral sensitivity

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Developmental Progression of Eight Opsin Spectral Signals Recorded from the Zebrafish Retinal Cone Layer Is Altered by the Timing and Cell Type Expression of Thyroxin Receptor β 2(trβ 2) Gain-Of-Function Transgenes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this