The development and validation of a self-administered quality-of-life outcome measure for young, active patients with symptomatic hip disease: The International Hip Outcome Tool (iHOT-33)

Nicholas G.H. Mohtadi, Damian R. Griffin, M. Elizabeth Pedersen, Denise Chan, Marc R. Safran, Nicholas Parsons, Jon K. Sekiya, Bryan T. Kelly, Jason R. Werle, Michael Leunig, Joseph C. McCarthy, Hal D. Martin, J. W.Thomas Byrd, Marc J. Philippon, Robroy L. Martin, Carlos A. Guanche, John C. Clohisy, Thomas G. Sampson, Mininder S. Kocher, Christopher M. Larson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

195 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a self-administered evaluative tool to measure health-related quality of life in young, active patients with hip disorders. Methods: This outcome measure was developed for active patients (aged 18 to 60 years, Tegner activity level <4) presenting with a variety of symptomatic hip conditions. This multicenter study recruited patients from international hip arthroscopy and arthroplasty surgeon practices. The outcome was created using a process of item generation (51 patients), item reduction (150 patients), and pretesting (31 patients). The questionnaire was tested for test-retest reliability (123 patients); face, content, and construct validity (51 patients); and responsiveness over a 6-month period in post-arthroscopy patients (27 patients). Results: Initially, 146 items were identified. This number was reduced to 60 through item reduction, and the items were categorized into 4 domains: (1) symptoms and functional limitations; (2) sports and recreational physical activities; (3) job-related concerns; and (4) social, emotional, and lifestyle concerns. The items were then formatted using a visual analog scale. Test-retest reliability showed Pearson correlations greater than 0.80 for 33 of the 60 questions. The intraclass correlation statistic was 0.78, and the Cronbach α was.99. Face validity and content validity were ensured during development, and construct validity was shown with a correlation of 0.81 to the Non-Arthritic Hip Score. Responsiveness was shown with a paired t test (P ≤.01), effect size of 2.0, standardized response mean of 1.7, responsiveness ratio of 6.7, and minimal clinically important difference of 6 points. Conclusions: We have developed a new quality-of-life patient-reported outcome measure, the 33-item International Hip Outcome Tool (iHOT-33). This questionnaire uses a visual analog scale response format designed for computer self-administration by young, active patients with hip pathology. Its development has followed the most rigorous methodology involving a very large number of patients. The iHOT-33 has been shown to be reliable; shows face, content, and construct validity; and is highly responsive to clinical change. In our opinion the iHOT-33 can be used as a primary outcome measure for prospective patient evaluation and randomized clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)595-610.e1
JournalArthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

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