The Checkpoint Clamp Activates Mec1 Kinase during Initiation of the DNA Damage Checkpoint

Jerzy Majka, Anita Niedziela-Majka, Peter M M.J. Burgers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

144 Scopus citations

Abstract

Yeast Mec1/Ddc2 protein kinase, the ortholog of human ATR/ATRIP, plays a central role in the DNA damage checkpoint. The PCNA-like clamp Rad17/Mec3/Ddc1 (the 9-1-1 complex in human) and its loader Rad24-RFC are also essential components of this signal transduction pathway. Here we have studied the role of the clamp in regulating Mec1, and we delineate how the signal generated by DNA lesions is transduced to the Rad53 effector kinase. The checkpoint clamp greatly activates the kinase activity of Mec1, but only if the clamp is appropriately loaded upon partial duplex DNA. Activated Mec1 phosphorylates the Ddc1 and Mec3 subunits of the clamp, the Rad24 subunit of the loader, and the Rpa1 and Rpa2 subunits of RPA. Phosphorylation of Rad53, and of human PHAS-1, a nonspecific target, also requires a properly loaded clamp. Phosphorylation and binding studies with individual clamp subunits indicate that the Ddc1 subunit mediates the functional interactions with Mec1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)891-901
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular cell
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 28 2006

Keywords

  • DNA

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