The association of trauma and PTSD with the substance use profiles of alcohol- and cocaine-dependent out-of-treatment women

Sharon D. Johnson, Linda B. Cottler, Catina Callahan O'Leary, Arbi Ben Abdallah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The association of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with alcohol and cocaine use is explored to determine if there is additive risk associated with dual dependence. Data were collected from out-of-treatment women enrolled in an HIV-prevention study. Women who experienced a DSM-IV qualifying event (n = 791) were stratified into four substance use groups based on lifetime alcohol and cocaine use. Women with lifetime comorbid alcohol and cocaine dependence experienced significantly more traumatic events and had a higher prevalence of violent events and lifetime diagnosis of PTSD and PTSD-related impairment. There is added risk for associated trauma and subsequent PTSD among women who have dual substance dependence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)490-495
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal on Addictions
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

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