The association of swallowing dysfunction and aspiration pneumonia

Bonnie J.W. Martin, Marilyn M. Corlew, Helen Wood, David Olson, Lawrence A. Golopol, Michael Wingo, Nigar Kirmani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

123 Scopus citations

Abstract

The medical literature has emphasized that aspiration of gastric contents or oral bacteria is a common cause of aspiration pneumonia. Swallowing disorders have been implicated in this disease but not studied at the time that aspiration pneumonia was diagnosed. A significant difference was found in the incidence of videofluoroscopically confirmed oropharyngeal swallowing problems in a group of patients diagnosed with aspiration pneumonia (AP) when compared with patients with nonaspiration pneumonia (NAP). Six of the 9 patients in the AP group aspirated during the videofluoroscopic evaluation and 2 others were considered to be at risk for aspiration. None of the 7 NAP patients demonstrated swallowing problems or aspiration. A significant difference in oral transit time also occurred between the two groups. Liquid was found to have a significantly faster oral transit time than paste or a cookie. Pharyngeal transit times were not found to be significantly different. Although there were only a small number of patients who met the criteria for this pilot study, a strong association was found between swallowing dysfunction and aspiration pneumonia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalDysphagia
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aspiration pneumonia
  • Deglutition
  • Deglutition disorders
  • Dysphagia
  • Pneumonia

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The association of swallowing dysfunction and aspiration pneumonia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Martin, B. J. W., Corlew, M. M., Wood, H., Olson, D., Golopol, L. A., Wingo, M., & Kirmani, N. (1994). The association of swallowing dysfunction and aspiration pneumonia. Dysphagia, 9(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00262751