Background: The role of prenatal vitamin D sufficiency and supplementation in the development of childhood aeroallergen sensitization and allergic rhinitis remains uncertain. Objective: To describe the association of prenatal vitamin D sufficiency with childhood allergic outcomes in participants of the Vitamin D Antenatal Asthma Reduction Trial, a randomized controlled trial of prenatal vitamin D supplementation. Methods: We included 414 mother–offspring pairs with offspring aeroallergen sensitization data available at age 6 years in this analysis. We examined the association between prenatal vitamin D sufficiency status, based on vitamin D levels measured in the first and third trimesters, or vitamin D supplementation treatment assignment with the outcomes of aeroallergen sensitization, parent-reported clinical allergic rhinitis, parent-reported clinical allergic rhinitis with aeroallergen sensitization, food sensitization, any sensitization, eczema, and total IgE at ages 3 and 6 years. Results: Compared with early and late insufficiency, early prenatal vitamin D insufficiency with late sufficiency was associated with reduced development of clinical allergic rhinitis with aeroallergen sensitization at 3 years (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 0.34; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.13-0.82; P =.02) and 6 years (aOR = 0.54; 95% CI, 0.29-0.98; P =.05). At 6 years, clinical allergic rhinitis with sensitization was significantly decreased in offspring whose mothers received high-dose vitamin D (aOR = 0.54; 95% CI, 0.32-0.91; P =.02) compared with offspring whose mothers who received low-dose vitamin D. Associations of prenatal vitamin D with aeroallergen sensitization were strengthened among children who also developed asthma or who had a maternal history of atopy. Conclusions: Among mothers with first-trimester vitamin D insufficiency, we detected a protective effect of third-trimester prenatal vitamin D sufficiency on the development of clinical allergic rhinitis with aeroallergen sensitization at ages 3 and 6 years.
|Journal||Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice|
|State||Published - Oct 2021|
- Aeroallergen sensitization
- Allergic rhinitis
- Vitamin D