The asialoglycoprotein receptor regulates levels of plasma glycoproteins terminating with sialic acid α2,6-galactose

Lindsay M. Steirer, Eric I. Park, R. Reid Townsend, Jacques U. Baenzinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

The asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGP-R) is an abundant, carbohydrate-specific, endocytic receptor expressed by parenchymal cells of the liver. We recently demonstrated that the ASGP-R mediates the clearance of glycoproteins bearing Siaα2,6GalNAc as well as those bearing terminal Gal or GalNAc. We now report that glycoproteins such as haptoglobin, serum amyloid protein (SAP), and carboxylesterase that bear oligosaccharides with terminal Siaα2,6Gal are elevated in the plasma of ASGP-R-deficient mice. Because of their abundance in plasma, glycoproteins bearing terminal Siaα2,6Gal will saturate the ASGP-R and compete with each other on the basis of their relative affinities for the ASGP-R and their relative abundance. We propose that the ASGP-R mediates the clearance of glycoproteins that bear oligosaccharides terminating with Siaα2,6Gal and thereby helps maintain the relative concentrations of these glycoproteins in the blood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3777-3783
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume284
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 6 2009

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