The amino acids upstream of NH(2)-terminal dileucine motif play a role in regulating the intracellular sorting of the Class III transporters GLUT8 and GLUT12

Lauren B. Aerni-Flessner, Mitch C. Otu, Kelle H. Moley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The transport of glucose across cell membranes is mediated by a family of facilitative glucose transporters (GLUTs). The class III glucose transporters GLUT8 and GLUT12 both contain a similar [DE]XXXL[LI] dileucine sorting signal in their amino terminus. This type of dileucine motif facilitates protein trafficking to various organelles or to the plasma membrane via interactions with adaptor protein (AP) complexes. The [DE]XXXL[LI] motif in GLUT8 is thought to direct it to late endosomal/lysosomal compartments via its interactions with AP1 and AP2. Unlike GLUT8, the [DE]XXXL[LI] motif does not direct GLUT12 to a lysosomal compartment. Rather, GLUT12 resides in the Golgi network and at the plasma membrane. In a previous study, we found that exchanging the XXX (TQP) residues in GLUT8 with the corresponding residues in GLUT12 (GPN) resulted in a dramatic missorting of GLUT8 to the cell surface. We postulated that the XXX amino acids upstream of the dileucine motif in GLUT8 influence the degree of interaction between the [DE]XXXL[LI] motif and adaptor proteins. To further explore its trafficking mechanisms, we created mutant constructs to identify the role that each of the individual XXX amino acids has for regulating the intracellular sorting of GLUT8. Here we find that the XXX amino acids, specifically the position of a proline -2 from the dileucine residues, influence the affinity of APs for GLUT8 and GLUT12.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-41
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Membrane Biology
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Glucose transport
  • cell biology
  • protein targeting
  • trafficking

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